|Botanical Name : Glycyrrhiza galba|
|English Name : Liquorice, Licorice|
|Hindi Name : Jethimadh, Mulhathi|
|Sanskrit Name : Madhuuka, Yashtimadhu|
Assaleusoos (Licorice ) is known to be 50 times sweeter than sugar and hence its name has been derived from a Greek(Unan) word that means “sweet root”. It's botanical name is Glycyrrhiza galba. This plant is found in Southern Europe and Central Asia. Though its smell closely resembles that of anise, it is not related to it. Licorice plant is widely used in commercial products such as candies and food flavorings. Assaleusoos is being used by theGreek(Unan) for more than 5000 years. It is highly considered for its miraculous healing power. Not surprisingly, it is the most prescribed in Unani Medicine . One of the potent components of Assaleusoos plant is Glycyrrhizin. This compound has immense therapeutic properties. Assaleusoos is also rich in flavonoids and phytoestrogens. For thousands of years,Assaleusoos extracts has been used to treat common ailments like coughs, food poisoning, sore throats, stomach and liver disorders.
What are the Identifying features of the Assaleusoos plant?
Assaleusoos plant is a herbaceous , perennial legume and is found prominently around Southern Europe and Asia. It grows to around 1mm in height and bears white to purple colored flowers. It has long pinnate leaves divided in 9 to 17 leaflets. It grows well in deep valleys with drained soil. The plant needs good amount of sunlight and hence is harvested around the month of autumn. The plant owes its sweetnes to the compound anethole which is an aromatic ether.
What is the History behind Assaleusoos ?
Assaleusoos herb has been in use since ancient times. Historical evidences shows that it was kept in the tomb of King Tut along with jewelries and precious ornaments. The story goes that King Tut was very much fond of sweet drink ' Mai sos' which was made by using Assaleusoos. Hence he wanted the herb to be placed in this tomb so that in the next world too he could enjoy his favorite drink. In those days,Assaleusoos was used by people belonging to different cultures such as the Greeks(Unani) Hindus, Babylions, Chinese, and Romans. Greeks learnt the art of using this herb from the Scythians. Discorides was a Greek physician who travelled along with the troops of Alexander, The Great. He asked the troops to chew Licorice while marching. During the middle ages, this herb was known as ' grains of paradise' as it was widely used then for various medicinal and culinary reasons. As of today, most of the countries export licorice from Spain and Italy.
What are the Health benefits of Assaleusoos ?