Obesity is a condition resulting from an excessive amount of fats in the body. This fat tissues are used as natural energy reserves of our bodies, although an excess of these tissues will lead to obesity and other health problems. An individual getting a weight of more than 20% than the normal weight as measured in their BMI is already considered obese.
The body mass index, or BMI, is used to determine obesity. It is a combination of the body measurements including the waistline.
The size and amount of fat cells in the body are increasing which causes a buildup of excess body fats. It is mostly seen on the waistline. Men with 40 inches of waistline and women with 35 inches or more are prone to getting heart disease and other health problems linked to obesity.
Further complications may escalates to certain types of cancer, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, gallbladder diseases, stroke, high cholesterol, sleeping and breathing difficulties, depression and other emotional problems, difficulty in walking or moving around, osteoarthritis, heartburn, breathlessness, rashes in the folds of skin, and snoring or sleep apnea.
There are plethoras of reasons for developing obesity. Excessive intake of foods rich in calories (the energy value of food) other than the recommended requirements for the body leads to obesity. The excess energy stored in body calls in the form of fat and sugar creates the appearance of being overweight.
Other causes include an inactive lifestyle, a highly glycemic diet, weight cycling, hypothyroidism, eating disorders, stress, insufficient sleep, taking medications such as atypical anti-psychotics, and abrupt discontinuation of smoking.
Heredity that is concerned with social, behavioral, cultural, physiological and metabolism also influence the development of obesity.
Unani Home Remedies
Limejuice: Cut a lime into half and mix it juices with 1 teaspoon of fresh honey. Mix in a glass of lukewarm water and take at regular intervals.
Trifala: This herb is effective for reducing weight. It is a mixture of amalaki, bibbitaki and haritaki herbs.
Jujube: Soak a handful of jujube or Indian plum in water overnight. Drink the water in the morning on an empty stomach. Continue treatment for 1 month for more desirable results.
Cabbage: Have cabbage in your meals or make cabbage salad. Cabbage contains tartaric acid that decreases the conversion of sugar and carbohydrates into fat.
Tomato: Eat 1-2 ripe tomatoes every early morning. Use this as a substitute for breakfast. Do this for several months.
Finger millet: Eating finger millets will slow digestion and therefore, reduces the time for the body to absorb carbohydrates.
Ragi: Eating ragi will suppress hunger and reduces the daily calorie intake. It is also rich in calcium, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B1 and B2.
Diets What to take:
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, as well as foods that are low in calories.
Mix some tomatoes in your salad, or take it raw in the morning.
Mint is also useful in losing weight. Make some mint salad mixed with vegetables.
Eat raw or cooked cabbage to reduce conversion of sugar and carbohydrates into fat.
Eat foods that are rich in vitamin B12.
Replace butter or margarine with vegetable oil when cooking.
Steam, boil or microwave vegetables before eating it.
Reduce intake of alcohol, sugar, margarine, dairy products, and salty foods.
Drink skim milk or low fat milk instead of whole milk. Drink only two glasses of milk.
When cooking meat or fish, roast, bake, or boil them to destroy their fatty contents.
What to avoid:
Too much salt, milk products such as cheese and butter, rice and potato for they contain a lot of carbohydrates, and all non-vegetarian foods for they are rich in fat.
All cereals aside from wheat.
Foods that are rich in calories such as butter, sweets, ice cream, chocolate, and all refined foods.
Avoid eating when under stress or tension.
Breads that are made up of wheat alone. It should consist of flour and soybeans.
Avoid skipping meals. Instead, eat several small meals at an interval of 2-3 hours instead of the usual 3.
Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water everyday, or drink a glass of boiled water after each meal.
Exercise for a least 30 minutes to an hour every morning. Such exercises include walking, bicycling, swimming, and hiking.
Practice all means to avoid experiencing negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, insecurity and hostility.
Press acupressure points in the middle of the upper lip, below the nose and an inch below and 1 inch up the naval point on the stomach for 5 minutes each. Do this 3-4 times a day. It will help control immediate hunger and therefore, control obesity.
Eat a single piece of food for at least 50 times until it turns down into liquid form. Do this for 3 months.